Date: December 15, 2018

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Safety

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Child Car Seats

This page was reviewed or revised on Friday, March 16, 2018 1:49 PM

Injuries are predictable and preventable.

  • Child car seat reduces risk of injury by 70% and death by 90%.
  • Booster seat reduces risk of injury and death by 45% .
  • Ensure your child uses a properly installed child car seat every time they are in a vehicle.

Be a role model and wear your seat belt every time.

Rear-Facing Infant Car Seats

Under 9 kg / 20 lbs.

  • When travelling in a vehicle a child must use a rear-facing car seat until they reach 9 kg (20 lbs.)
  • Rear facing is the safest.
  • Keep your child rear-facing as long as possible or until they reach the weight and height limitations of the child car seat.

Forward Facing Car Seats

9-18 kg / 20-40 lbs.

  • Child must be at least 9 kg (20 lbs.) and has reached the weight, height and age requirements listed in the car seat manual.
  • Read car seat manufacturer's instructions and follow the weight, height and age requirements.

Booster Seats

18 kg / 40 lbs. and over

  • Can use booster seat once child reaches 18 kg (40 lbs.)
  • Booster seats are designed to raise a child so adult-sized vehicle seatbelt fits them properly.
  • Backless booster can be used as long as the vehicle seat provides head protection
  • Avoid injury by ensuring the shoulder belt crosses the child's chest (not neck) and the lap belt is located across hip bones, not stomach.

Seat Belt System

Child can travel in a vehicle using only the seat belt system (i.e. with no booster seat) when they reach one of the following:

  • 8 years old or;
  • 36 kg (80 lbs.) or;
  • 145 cm (4 feet, 9 inches)

Avoid injury to your child by ensuring the shoulder belt crosses the chest (not neck) and the lap belt is positioned across the hip bones (not stomach).

  • Protect children from airbags; keep children 12 and under in the back seat.

Installation

Car Seat Clinics

Watch a brief child car seat video (below) to learn how to install and check your child seat. 

Videos

Car seat installation videos are available online at most child car seat manufacturer websites. Watch the video and read the instructions before trying to install the car seat in your vehicle.

Ministry of Transportation Car Seat Installation
Safety Drives Us (various languages)

Resources:

Choose the right car seat
Buying a child car seat / booster
Install a child car seat
Parachute Canada