Date: July 16, 2019

Mainly cloudy with 60 percent chance of showers. Risk of a thunderstorm this afternoon. Wind southwest 20 km/h gusting to 40. High 29. Humidex 37. UV index 7 or high.

Temp
26.7C

Feels like 36C

Environment Canada
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Dengue Fever (Breakbone Fever)

This page was reviewed or revised on Thursday, July 21, 2016 3:52 PM

Environmental Health & Prevention Services

 
What is it?

  • A viral disease causing sudden high fever, joint and muscle aches, low back pain, headache and skin rash.
  • Symptoms usually last 4 to 7 days.
  • The severe form called dengue hemorrhagic fever, usually occurs in those who have had previous infections with another strain, and does not usually affect travellers.
  • Complications of shock, possible death especially in children, and those experiencing a second infection.

How is it spread?

  • Bite of the Aedes mosquito that feeds in the daytime.
  • This mosquito lives in urban and rural areas throughout the tropics.
  • Breeds in any small collections of standing water (old cans, tires, etc.)

Prevention?

  • Avoid day-biting mosquitoes.
  • Use insect repellent with DEET.
  • Insect repellents should be in lotion form (as opposed to aerosol sprays) and should contain at least 30% DEET (N,N-diethylm-toluamide) for adult use.
  • The American Academy of Paediatrics recommends that repellents used on children contain no more that 10% DEET.

Treatment

  • Supportive measures including rehydration.
  • Aspirin is contraindicated because of its hemorrhagic potential.

Where is it found?

  • Africa
  • Latin America
  • Asia
  • Caribbean
  • Pacific Islands