Lambton Public Health

Extreme Cold

This page was reviewed or revised on Thursday, July 2, 2015 8:44 AM

During extreme cold, people most at risk include:

Ensure to check on elderly or relatives and friends who may need additional assistance to ensure their safety. Cold-related injuries can be avoided by following these cold weather safety tips:

Around your home:

Overexposure to cold can be hazardous, even life-threatening. Hypothermia, which can strike in any season, occurs when the body temperature drops below the normal range between 36.1°C and 37.8°C (97°F - 100°F). Symptoms may include pale skin, lethargy, confusion, excessive shivering and hallucinations.

If someone is suffering from hypothermia:

Frostbite can occur in skin that is overexposed to cold temperatures. Symptoms of frostbite include skin turning red, blue, or a grey/white colour. Individuals may also experience pain, numbness and stiffness, especially in fingers, toes, ears and nose.

If you suspect frost bite:

Avoid hypothermia or frost bite:

For more information view the section on Severe Cold Weather.