Date: March 26, 2017

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Determinants of Health

Determinants of Health Homepage

A Conversation about Health - video page

Health Impact: Food Security

Health Impact: Income

Health Impact: Housing

Health Impact: Working Conditions

Health Impact: Working Conditions

This page was reviewed or revised on Wednesday, August 24, 2016 2:25 PM

When you have a job that is secure and safe you will have better health outcomes. On the other hand, people without jobs are more likely to experience:

  • Poverty
  • Anxiety and depression
  • Loneliness
  • Poor health
  • Shorter lifespan1,2

Unstable Employment

People who work in unstable conditions have higher death rates, poorer mental health, and tense personal relationships.1,5 Unstable employment can include:

  • Irregular or part-time hours
  • Low job security
  • Low wages
  • Few social benefits1,3,4

People who have lower education, poorer health, and/or are racialized are at a greater risk of experiencing unstable working conditions.7

Unsafe Working Conditions

Since a large part of the day may be spent at work, the working conditions are important because they affect the physical and emotional well-being of a person.4 Harmful working conditions can include excessive noise, heat, vibration, and irregular work hours.7 Stressful or unsafe work conditions can:

  • Increase the risk of heart-related disease
  • Lead to chronic pain, like back pain from an work-related injury
  • Increase the risk of depression
  • Even cause death1,4

Employment in the County of Lambton

Sarnia-Lambton is unique because of its large rural population and that raises issues for rural job seekers.6 People living in rural areas may have added employment barriers, such as:

  • Fewer employment options
  • Lower education levels
  • Lack of transportation6

Learn More

Resources and Opportunities in Lambton County of Lambton

For more information about Working Conditions, or Social Determinants of Health, call Lambton Public Health at 519-383-8331 or toll free 1-800-667-1839.

References

  1. Mikkonen, J., & Raphael, D. (2010). Social determinants of health: The Canadian facts. Toronto: York University School of Health Policy and Management.
  2. Public Health Agency of Canada. (2013). What makes Canadians healthy or unhealthy? Underlying premises and evidence table.
  3. Caldbick, S., Labonte, R., Mohindra, K. S., & Ruckert, A. (2014). Globalization and the rise of precarious employment: The new frontier for workplace health promotion. Global Health Promotion, 21(2), 23-21.
  4. Benach, J., Muntaner, C., & Santana V. (2007). Employment conditions and health inequalities.
  5. Commission on Social Determinants of Health. (2008). Closing the gap in a generation: Health equity through action on the social determinants of health. Geneva: World Health Organization.
  6. Sarnia Lambton Workforce Development Board. (2016). Local labour market update: Sarnia Lambton 2015/2016.
  7. Burgard, S. A., & Lin, K. Y. (2013). Bad jobs, bad health? How work and working conditions contribute to health disparities. American Behavioral Scientist 57(8).



Resources and Opportunities

Employment Resource Centre
The Employment Resource Centre helps with employment needs and objectives. They offer access high-speed internet, job banks, and training to enhance résumés.

  • Located in Bayside Centre: 150 Christina St. N., Sarnia, ON, 519-344-9303

Employment for Newcomers
Whether you are new to Canada or from a different province or town, finding a job in Sarnia-Lambton may be different from finding work in your previous town.

Youth Job Connection
For anyone between the ages of 15-29 years. Gain employment skills, get paid to learn, and make connections in the community.

Employment Insurance
For information about Employment Insurance (EI) visit or call the Service Canada Centre.

  • 529 Exmouth St., Sarnia, ON (across from Northgate Plaza), 1-800-622-6232

More Employment Resources
Sarnia-Lambton offers many FREE employment services to help with your job search, career planning or starting a business.