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Determinants of Health

Determinants of Health Homepage

A Conversation about Health - video page

Health Impact: Food Security

Health Impact: Income

Health Impact: Housing

Health Impact: Working Conditions

Health Impact: Income and Social Status

This page was reviewed or revised on Friday, January 20, 2017 11:09 AM

Wealth can equal health

Income is considered one of the most important determinants of heath because of the significant influence it has on overall living conditions, food security, housing, opportunities for health and protection against negative factors. People with higher incomes, more years of education, and who live in a healthy and safe environment, generally live longer and have better overall health outcomes.

Various studies have linked poverty and poor health. A person's ability to cope in a stressful situation such as low income, inadequate housing, as well as food and employment insecurity has a direct impact on their health.SDOH Image

Having less money available often limits opportunities to make the choices that allow a person to live a long and healthy life. The health impact observed is more chronic health problems such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, obesity, lung disease, depression, cancer, hypertension, and arthritis.

Income ladder

To understand how poverty impacts health, imagine income as the rungs of a ladder.

  • People at the top of the ladder have many resources and opportunities to make healthy choices.
  • As you move down each rung of the ladder, there is a corresponding drop in health because fewer resources and options create more barriers for those people to make healthy lifestyle choices.
  • Therefore, there is a considerable difference in health between those at the top and bottom of an income ladder.

Lambton County self-reported health

As income levels increase, a higher percentage of people in Lambton County reported having excellent or very good health.

 Image chart Pecentr of Adults in Lambton County

Resources and Opportunities

Benefits and Supports
Canada Benefits, offered by Service Canada, can connect you with the correct programs and services based on your situation whether you need help finding a job, temporary income support or skills training.

Canada Benefits has information for housing and health needs.

Service Canada Centre

  • Sarnia: 529 Exmouth St., Sarnia, ON, 519-464-5025 or 1-800-387-1193
  • Petrolia: 4200 Petrolia Line, Petrolia, ON
    Open the 1st Wednesday of the month from 1 p.m.-3:30 pm, 519-882-1749. Click here for more information.

Benefit and tax credit programs for all Ontarians, including programs that provide assistance to children, people with a disability, seniors, students and women.

Ontario Works
If you need temporary financial aid, Ontario Works can help you find a job and provide financial help. Click here for more information.
• 150 Christina St., N., Sarnia, ON. 519-344-2057 / toll free 1-800-387-2882

Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP)
ODSP helps people with disabilities, and those in need of financial assistance, pay for living expenses, like food and housing. It helps people with disabilities who can and want to work prepare for and find a job.
150 Christina St., N., Sarnia, ON. 519-344-2057 / toll free: 1-800-387-2882

Child Tax Benefit
The child tax benefit is a tax-free monthly payment made to eligible families to help with the cost of raising children 17 years of age, and younger.

Service Canada Centre
Sarnia: 529 Exmouth St., Sarnia, ON, 519-464-5025 or 1-800-387-1193
Petrolia: 4200 Petrolia Line, Petrolia, ON
Open the 1st Wednesday of the month from 1 p.m.-3:30 pm, 519-882-1749

Canada Revenue Agency
1-800-387-1193

Income Tax Clinic
FREE year-round income tax help:
The Inn of the Good Shepherd, 115 John St., Sarnia, ON, 519-344-1746

Birth Certificate
An Ontario birth certificate is necessary to apply for many of the benefit and support programs and services. Birth certificates are available online through Service Ontario.
Contact the city clerk’s office at 519-332-0330 ext. 3257, TTY: 519-332-2664 for more information about birth certificates.