This page was reviewed or revised on Friday, October 28, 2011 2:05 PM
NF is more commonly known as “flesh-eating disease”. It is a rare illness that causes extensive tissue destruction and can lead to death. NF is a bacterial infection of the tissue which spreads very rapidly and should be treated immediately.
NF is caused by a number of different bacteria, one of them being group A streptococcus. This is a common bacteria which causes infections, such as strep throat.
Ten to fifteen per cent of school aged children may carry group A streptococcus in their throat and have no symptoms.
While group A streptococcus is passed from person to person (by close contact with body fluids), necrotizing fasciitis is not.
NF symptoms are fever, severe pain, redness and swelling at a particular body site that spreads rapidly.
Persons with NF may need surgical removal of infected tissue and antibiotics and/or immune globulin therapy. Family members may need to start on an antibiotic as prevention.
(Source: Health Canada)