Lambton Public Health

Cancer Prevention ~ A Lifestyle Choice

This page was reviewed or revised on Tuesday, November 29, 2016 9:27 AM

About two-thirds of cancers in Canada could be prevented if Canadians adopted healthier lifestyles (Canadian Cancer Society). Everyone has a certain risk of developing cancer and this risk increases or decreases depending on the choices you make.

Cancer prevention includes:

Make Healthy Choices - Reduce Your Risk

Did you know that smoking, poor dietary habits and physical inactivity account for more than 50% of all fatal cancers in Ontario?

Maintaining or improving your lifestyle to reduce your cancer risk doesn't have to be hard - small, progressive steps everyday can make a big difference. Reduce your risk of cancer by making healthy choices every day.

Here are ways you can reduce your risk:

Be a Non-Smoker and Avoid Second-Hand Smoke - Tobacco use is the largest cause of cancer worldwide (International Agency for Research on Cancer). The good news is that we can help you become smoke-free. See more information on smoking and tobacco use prevention.

Achieve and Maintain a Healthy Weight - Being overweight or obese increases the risk of many types of cancer. A healthy body weight varies from person to person, so check with your healthcare provider to see what a healthy body weight is for you. For information about cancer risk and body weight, view the Canadian Cancer Society website.

Enjoy Healthy Eating -. Eating a healthy diet, with lots of fruits, vegetables and fibre but little sugar and fat will help you keep a healthy body weight, which reduces your risk of cancer. Limiting alcohol intake also reduces the risk of many types of cancer. A healthy diet will not only help prevent cancer but also protects against other diseases like heart disease, diabetes and obesity. See more information on how to enjoy healthy eating.

Get Active! - Becoming more active and maintaining an ideal body weight will help you reduce the risk of colorectal, uterus, breast and kidney cancer. See more information on physical activity.

Be Aware and Know Your Cancer Risk - Know what's normal for your body and report anything unusual to your healthcare provider. To get a personalized cancer risk assessment and action plan, access the MyCancerIQ website

Protect Your Skin - Be sun safe and don't tan. See more information on preventing skin cancer.

Avoid Hazardous Substances - Avoid or limit exposure to potentially harmful and cancer-causing substances by using non-toxic materials whenever possible (Canadian Cancer Society).

Follow health and safety instructions at home and at work when using, storing and disposing of hazardous materials. See more information on environmental risks for cancer at Canadian Cancer Society.

Screening - Keep the Doubt Out!

Screening detects cancer at an early stage when it is more likely to be cured. It can greatly influence the outcome of some cancers. For example, cancer of the cervix is almost completely preventable with regular PAP test screening.

View more specific information on cancer screening for breast, cervical, and colorectal. Talk to a health professional about the importance of early detection of cancer through screening.


For more detailed information on cancer prevention, intriguing research, and the latest statistics check out these websites:
Cancer Care Ontario
• Canadian Cancer Society
Canadian Partnership Against Cancer